A world without water would bring extreme chaos. When a part of the world has a shortage of water it’s called a drought. There are droughts all over the world, but two countries that you might not expect are having problems with drought conditions and it’s affecting the way they live.
Firstly, there’s a massive drought affecting the North China Plain. It wasn’t getting enough water and farmers couldn’t grow their crops because the land was so dry and the nearest river was so far away. They couldn’t even use irrigation to help their plants grow! Poor farmers.
I bet you’ll never guess the second country being plagued by drought conditions. It’s not a country most people think of as deprived so you might have problems guessing. Here are some hints: freedom of speech and freedom of everything else! If you guessed America, that would be right! One of the places where drought is a problem is right where I live! South Florida! And that problem is the Everglades. The Everglades, for those of you that don’t know, is a huge marshland in the middle of southern Florida that is a protected area. Today it’s in trouble because it’s not getting enough water. People are also decreasing the size of the Everglades by building houses where it used to be. So that’s a big problem too! The water level is also extremely low because the water level of Lake Okeechobee is decreasing and Lake Okeechobee gives the Everglades all its water through a connecting river.
Then there’s the problem of the Hoover Dam. You wouldn’t think that a dam would have the problem of lack of water! But listen to this. When the Hoover Dam was built it was the largest dam in the world. It also created the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Mead. Lake Mead has been experiencing a drought for the last 8 years. Its water level hasn’t been what it’s supposed to be since the year 2000! The Colorado River, which feeds the Hoover Dam, which is connected to Lake Mead, is fed by melting snow from the Rocky Mountains. But there hasn’t been that much snow is these past years and one of the reasons is global warming! So they can’t get their water levels back to what they are supposed to be!
It’s amazing how we have problems with lack of water when 75% of the world is covered in water! Why don’t we just use water from the ocean and take the salt from that water (called desalination) and disperse it to all the areas that need it! That way we would have no problems with lack of water! I’m so smart! I should be King of the World. 🙂