Globalization is when the whole world opens up and you can trade, travel anywhere and have access to other countries.
During the time after WWII some inventions changed the way people did things. Things like railroads, telegraphs, and steam ships advanced our world. Railroads helped people get around faster for cheaper, telegraphs allowed people to communicate long range not using letters, and steam ships saved energy and allowed people to get around by making energy generated by steam. Every country had to start making their own money because they were trading with other countries for one thing.
The few countries that didn’t use globalization didn’t do well, the biggest example being Russia. They became the Soviet Union, a communist country led by Stalin, who isolated the country from all outside influence. They didn’t do well because they couldn’t communicate with other countries to fill their needs.
Globalization came to Sri Lanka with factories and manufacturing jobs that helped the people pull themselves out of poverty. Even though they were making the garments and items in a Sri Lankan factory, they were making things that weren’t even used in Sri Lanka – like women’s underwear. They were made strictly for export.
Globalization in Chile did not go so well, at least in the eyes of the idigenous Indians there, because deforestation was the path they chose. To the Indians, their natural resources and their sacred lands were being destroyed – all in the name of making a few dollars for the Chilean government. Personally, I don’t like cutting down trees because soon we won’t have any left and we won’t be able to breathe!